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Re: Elektronisches Pflichtexemplar - 2
- Date: Wed, 12 Nov 2003 07:59:28 +0100
- From: "Katharina Fischer" <fischer _at__ rlb.de>
- Subject: Re: Elektronisches Pflichtexemplar - 2
Rheinische Landesbibliothek Koblenz
- Frau Katharina Fischer -
Fon: (0261) 915 00 24
Fax : (0261) 915 00 90
----- Original Message -----
From: Andre Schueller <andre.schueller _at__ web.de>
To: <inetbib _at__ ub.uni-dortmund.de>
Sent: Sunday, November 02, 2003 4:29 PM
Subject: Elektronisches Pflichtexemplar - 2
> Historic change in Legal Deposit Law saves electronic publications for
future generations - Bill to extend legal deposit to UK non-print materials
receives Royal Assent
> 31 October 2003 :: Posted by British Library Press & Public Relations
> A Private Members Bill, introduced by Chris Mole MP in December 2002 has
passed all its Parliamentary hurdles and became law today when it received
Royal Assent. The Legal Deposit Libraries Act 2003 extends previous legal
deposit legislation passed nearly 100 years ago in 1911. The Act enshrines
the principle that electronic or e-publications and other non-print
materials will be deposited in the future under secondary legislation. It
ensures that these publications can be saved as part of the published
archive - and become an important resource for future generations of
researchers and scholars.
> The introduction of MP Chris Mole's Bill followed a campaign to bring the
law up-to-date with the current world of publishing which was led by the
British Library, on behalf of all the legal deposit libraries and in
association with Government. The new Act is generic and provides for
secondary legislation to be approved by Parliament that will ensure that
non-print formats are included within the legal deposit system.
> Since 1911 the six legal deposit libraries have been able to collect
copies of all printed material published in the UK. However, an increasing
volume of important material had begun to be published in electronic and
other non-print formats. These fell outside the scope of the 1911 Act and
were not therefore being comprehensively collected. A study last year
forecast a massive increase in online publications, predicting a near
quadrupling (from 52,000 to 193,000) in the number of electronic journal
issues published in the UK between 2002 and 2005.
> Chris Mole MP said, 'I am thrilled that we have managed to secure this
historic change in Legal Deposit Law. This new legislation will now mean
that a vital part of the nation's published heritage will be safe and
accessible as an important resource for business and education users in the
> With the new Act, a piece of 'enabling legislation', it will be possible
to establish a systematic arrangement for the collection and reservation of
non-print publications. These will include CD-ROMs and non-commercial
publications, and will include the selective harvesting of information from
the 2.96 million websites with a .uk suffix, which currently exist. The
generic nature of the new law means that new formats and information
carriers can be included within legal deposit - through Regulations - as
they emerge and become widely used.
> The new legislation will build on the strengths of a voluntary scheme
introduced in January 2000 which was designed to capture offline material
for the National Published Archive before legislation was achieved.
Administered by the Joint Committee on Voluntary Deposit (JCVD) - comprising
representatives from the legal deposit libraries and four of the main
publisher trade bodies - the scheme saved many non-print items.
> Heritage Minister Andrew McIntosh said, 'I am very pleased that my
Department was able to support this initiative and welcome its passage into
law. It ensures that the system of Legal Deposit will properly reflect the
changing shape of the publishing industry in the United Kingdom.
> Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library said, 'This is an
historic piece of legislation and puts the UK among the first countries
which will be collecting, by law, their electronic published output. This
has been achieved by interested parties working together successfully to
clear all the major legislative hurdles. This would not have been possible
without the expertise and dedication of Dr Clive Field, Director of
Scholarship and Collections at the British Library and his team who worked
so hard to achieve this splendid result.'
> Dr Clive Field, Chair of the JCVD added: 'This was indeed a major
collaborative result and I wish especially to thank Chris Mole MP, Lord
Graham Tope (the Bill's sponsor in the House of Lords), Sir Anthony Kenny
(chair of the original working party on this matter), colleagues in the
Department of Culture, Media and Sport, the Digital Content Forum, JCVD and
the legal deposit libraries for their commitment and partnership in bringing
this measure to the statute book.'
> Angela Mills Wade, speaking on behalf of the Digital Content ForumÂ's
Industry Action Group on Intellectual Property Rights, said today: 'After
some difficult moments during the passage of the Bill, publishers have
negotiated key reassurances from Government and crucial changes to the
wording of the legislation itself. I am pleased to say this establishes a
basis for publishers and libraries to work together constructively to
develop practical ways to capture electronic as well as print publications.'
> For more details please contact:
> For further information contact Greg Hayman or Val McBurney in Press and
> Public Relations at the British Library. Telephone: +44 (0)20 7412 7116 or
> (0)20 7412 7112, Fax: +44 (0)20 7412 7168, email: greg.hayman _at__ bl.uk
> or val.mcburney _at__ bl.uk
> Notes for editors:
> 1. What is legal deposit? The 1911 Act requires publishers to deposit with
the British Library a copy of all published items produced in the UK and
Ireland within one month of publication. The five other legal deposit
libraries have the right to claim copies of the same material with 12 months
of publication. (The Copyright Libraries Agency acts on behalf of the five
other libraries to claim and distribute the material.)
> Previously, the only published works covered by legal deposit were books,
pamphlets, maps, printed music, journals and newspapers. With the new law,
works published in non-print format will be collected including works
published on CD-ROM; on the Internet; or on microfilm.
> 2. What is the role of the legal deposit libraries? Together the six legal
deposit libraries (The British Library; the National Library of Scotland and
the National Library of Wales; University Library, Cambridge; Bodleian
Library, Oxford; and Trinity College Library, Dublin) maintain a world-class
National Published Archive, which has benefited generations of researchers
from industry, academia and the general public.
> The existing print legal deposit arrangements have enabled the British
Library alone to collect and save, in perpetuity for the nation, more than
50 million items. In the last year the Library acquired 95,286 books,
248,686 journal issues, 1,994 maps and 2,357 newspaper titles through legal
deposit. Once acquired, the Library stores and catalogues these items and
provides facilities for researchers to access them. In this way millions of
unrelated items, which form the National Published Archive, are transformed
into organised knowledge and secured for posterity.
> 3. Chris Mole MP. Chris is one of Parliament's newest MPs, becoming the
Member of Parliament for Ipswich in a by-election in November 2001. In
Parliament, Chris serves as a member of the Select Committee that
scrutinises the work of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, the
Deregulation and Regulatory Affairs Select Committee and the Joint Committee
on Statutory Instruments. Chris holds a degree in electronics from the
University of Kent and moved to Ipswich in 1981 to work at the BT
Laboratories at Martlesham Heath near Ipswich.
> 4. What are the trends in non-print publishing? Over 60,000 non-print
items (e.g. DVDs, CD-ROMs, electronic journals and other items delivered via
the web) were published in the UK last year. The impact of the extension of
legal deposit to non-print publications (Electronic Publishing Services
Ltd., October 2002) forecasts that the number of electronic journal issues
published in the UK will grow from 52,000 in 2002 to 193,000 in 2005. A
recent phenomenon has been the emergence of single-article journal issues
transmitted by e-mail - with an average of 40 issues for each title per
year. Many publications, such as newspapers are being published in multiple
formats - print, web, CD-ROM and microform - but do not always have
identical content. Similarly, there are a growing number of hybrid
publications, such as print journals with added material available on the
web or CD-ROM. The new Act will help the legal deposit libraries to collect
and organise this knowledge.
> 5. What non-print materials will now be saved? The major categories of
non-print materials include:
> - Publications accessed over the Internet, e.g. electronic journals.
> - Websites - a limited and well-defined range of sites, judged to be
research-level, will be regularly harvested for addition to the national
> - Publications on media other than paper, such as microfilm or fiche.
> - 'Hand-held' electronic publications on media such as CD-ROM or DVD.
> The types of material include:
> Records of key events of national life - e.g. national and local websites
covering general elections, the millennium celebrations, the Queen's Golden
Jubilee and the Commonwealth Games - all containing useful historical data.
> Resource discovery tools, to help researchers locate materials e.g. the
Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA) or Legal Journals Index.
> Major directories - e.g. the Europe Info directory on DVD, an important
resource with 130 million European residential and business listings, or
Kelly's Portsmouth Directory on CD-ROM.
> Current awareness services - e.g. Oxford Economic Forecasting's Weekly
Brief - an electronic journal available only as a PDF or Zip/EXE file,
typically distributed as an email attachment.
> News sources - such as web editions of national and local newspapers, or
the web-published results of public opinion polls from companies such as
MORI, ICM or YouGov.
> Professional 'bibles' - e.g. The Cochrane Library, 'the best single source
of reliable evidence about the effects of health care' (on CD-ROM and the
web with no hard copy equivalent).
> Important local and national government documents - e.g. the Home Office
series of 'online only' research reports and web-based Government
consultation papers, which are an important resource for lawyers and
researchers in tracing the origin of legislation, and the minutes of the
National Assembly for Wales.
> e-journals - e.g. Sociological Research Online and the Journal of Digital
Information, available only on the web.
> Conference proceedings - e.g. 9/11 and the Middle East: Electronic
Resource published by the Royal Institute of International Affairs.
> 6. What are other countries doing? A number of other nations have already
addressed, or are investigating, the extension of legal deposit. In Germany
new legislation has been drafted to cover all types of material whilst a
voluntary scheme to obtain online material and websites - in operation since
March 2002 - has been generally well received by publishers and users alike.
In France the government has issued a directive to ensure that the national
library will collect all electronic material. Norway and Denmark have
similar schemes and are actively collecting digital material in all
information carriers, including websites. In Finland legislation was
introduced in March 2003 to extend legal deposit to websites (current
legislation includes other electronic material) whilst in New Zealand
legislation has also been enacted this year.
> 7. How the new scheme works? The Act will be implemented through a series
of Regulations, the first of which will almost certainly deal with offline
publications, such as CD-ROMs and microform. Regulations will be proposed by
the Secretary of State, for affirmative resolution by both Houses of
Parliament, following a statutory process of consultation with affected
parties and a Regulatory Impact Assessment. This in turn will be preceded by
the work of an Advisory Panel, to be established by Government as an
independent public body, to advise the Secretary of State for Culture, Media
and Sport on the need for, and the shape of, specific Regulations. In
advance of the establishment of the Advisory Panel, the JCVD will continue
its work, as a forum for collaborative and voluntary endeavour between
publishers and libraries, but with a broadened remit and an extended
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