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[InetBib] Fwd: [IFLA-L] IFLA Signs on to Major International Document regarding Human Rights and Surveillance
- Date: Thu, 31 Oct 2013 09:23:00 +0100
- From: Hermann Roesch <Hermann.Roesch@xxxxxxxxxxx>
- Subject: [InetBib] Fwd: [IFLA-L] IFLA Signs on to Major International Document regarding Human Rights and Surveillance
Liebe Kolleginnen und Kollegen,
die unten enthaltene Information scheint mir nicht nur aus aktuellem
Anlass von Bedeutung...
-------- Original-Nachricht --------
Betreff: [IFLA-L] IFLA Signs on to Major International Document
regarding Human Rights and Surveillance
Datum: Wed, 30 Oct 2013 13:57:42 +0000
Von: Julia Brungs <Julia.Brungs@xxxxxxxx>
IFLA has become a signatory to the International Principles on the
Application of Human Rights to Communications Surveillance
The Principles document is the product of a year-long negotiation
process between Privacy International
<https://www.privacyinternational.org/>, the Electronic Frontier
Foundation <https://www.eff.org/>, Access <https://www.accessnow.org/>,
Human Rights Watch <http://www.hrw.org/>, Reporters Without Borders
<http://en.rsf.org/>, and the Association for Progressive Communications
<http://www.apc.org/>. The document spells out how existing human rights
law applies to modern digital surveillance and gives civil society
groups, industry, lawmakers and observers a benchmark for measuring
states' surveillance practices against long-established human rights
standards. It contains 13 principles which have now been endorsed by
over 260 organizations from 77 countries, from Somalia to Sweden.
IFLA is working on library privacy issues as part of its Key Initiative
1 activities, and during 2014 the FAIFE Committee
<http://www.ifla.org/faife> will be working with the American Library
Association, CILIP and other partners to reflect on and revise IFLA's
existing policies, such as the IFLA Internet Manifesto. As recently
discussed at the Internet Governance Forum in Bali
<http://www.ifla.org/node/8092>, this year's revelations of government
surveillance is creating a new environment for the discussion of human
rights online. The library community must be prepared to engage in this
discussion and ensure that fundamental library principles
upheld when we provide
Internet access to our users.
The Principles are available for signing by interested library
associations and institutions. More information and the full version of
the Principles can be found here:
*Summary of the 13 principles:*
·Legality: Any limitation on the right to privacy must be prescribed by law.
·Legitimate Aim: Laws should only permit communications surveillance by
specified State authorities to achieve a legitimate aim that corresponds
to a predominantly important legal interest that is necessary in a
·Necessity: Laws permitting communications surveillance by the State
must limit surveillance to that which is strictly and demonstrably
necessary to achieve a legitimate aim.
·Adequacy: Any instance of communications surveillance authorised by law
must be appropriate to fulfill the specific legitimate aim identified.
·Proportionality: Decisions about communications surveillance must be
made by weighing the benefit sought to be achieved against the harm that
would be caused to users' rights and to other competing interests.
·Competent judicial authority: Determinations related to communications
surveillance must be made by a competent judicial authority that is
impartial and independent.
·Due process: States must respect and guarantee individuals' human
rights by ensuring that lawful procedures that govern any interference
with human rights are properly enumerated in law, consistently
practiced, and available to the general public.
·User notification: Individuals should be notified of a decision
authorising communications surveillance with enough time and information
to enable them to appeal the decision, and should have access to the
materials presented in support of the application for authorisation.
·Transparency: States should be transparent about the use and scope of
communications surveillance techniques and powers.
·Public oversight: States should establish independent oversight
mechanisms to ensure transparency and accountability of communications
·Integrity of communications and systems: States should not compel
service providers, or hardware or software vendors to build surveillance
or monitoring capabilities into their systems, or to collect or retain
·Safeguards for international cooperation: Mutual Legal Assistance
Treaties (MLATs) entered into by States should ensure that, where the
laws of more than one State could apply to communications surveillance,
the available standard with the higher level of protection for users
·Safeguards against illegitimate access: States should enact legislation
criminalising illegal communications surveillance by public and private
Also see the webversion <http://www.ifla.org/node/8103>.
Policy and Projects Officer
International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)
P.O. Box 95312
2509 CH The Hague
Email: Julia.brungs@xxxxxxxx <mailto:Julia.brungs@xxxxxxxx>
Listeninformationen unter http://www.inetbib.de.